The Basic Concepts of Software Testing

The concepts of software testing are vital to ensure that the application or a particular product is working according to the requirements and specifications. Moreover, the software needs to meet some quality standards before launching. Software testing is also one of the most crucial parts of developing a product or system. 

Software testing is the procedure of executing a program or system under certain conditions, either manual or automated means. Also, software testing primarily checks the specification, functionality, and performance of a given software or system under test. 

Who performs software testing?

To have effective and quality software products, it should pass all the testing standards. The system under the examination should also satisfy the user’s requirements, needs, and expectations. Moreover, the software tester is the one who performs the testing process but sometimes collaborates with the developers for a full check. They are also the ones who usually find bugs and other defects in the software product. 

The software testing team 

Software testing does not just involve a single person to do all sorts of tests. Also, software testing is group work and consists of different skilled personnel. The team includes:

The Program Manager

  • The project manager is responsible for the planning and execution of the project. The manager should ensure the success of the ongoing project by minimizing the risks throughout the entire project. 
  • Responsible for documenting the product specifications, managing the schedules, and making the crucial decisions on the project

The QA Lead

  • Facilitates the team members to improve the product effectiveness
  • Also implements the best practices relevant to testing and streamline of quality assurance
  • Collaborates with other departments for joint projects and initiatives

The Test Analyst

  • Performs the planning, developing, and executing test systems, manual test plans, and regression test plans
  • The test analyst will be also responsible for evaluating the results of each cycle of tests. 
  • It also gathers and manages the test data.
  • Determining the appropriate tests required or any associated test data
  • Distinguishing the target items to be evaluated by the test

Test Engineer

  • Responsible for writing and executing the test cases and reporting defects
  • It also determines the most efficient way an analysis should be performed to obtain 100% test coverage in all components.

Levels of software testing

Software testing has different levels. Software systems under test are needed to undergo the following:

  1. Unit testing
  2. Integration testing
  3. System testing
  4. Usability testing
  5. Functional testing
  6. Performance testing
  7. Security testing
  8. Smoke testing
  9. Alpha testing
  10. Acceptance testing
  11. Beta testing
  12. Regression testing
  13. Monkey testing

In Conclusion

The testers and developers should understand each level of testing to do their assigned job accurately. Each level has different expectations and requirements in order to pass the given software or system. Also, having a deep understanding of software testing is a good trait for testing teams. Since software testing is really a broad subject, it is essential to know the basics before proceeding. Enough knowledge has a significant impact on software testing procedures.

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